What is the “Pi node” and why do you want to be a super node?

通常提到“节点”,指的是区块链网络中的计算机,包括手机、矿机、台式机和服务器等等。操作一个节点的人可以是普通的钱包用户、矿工和多个人协作。 例如比特币网络,是属于共有链,当我们在自己的已连接到互联网的电脑上运行bit coin程序时,该电脑也就成为比特币网络中的一个节点。
Generally speaking, “node” refers to the computers in the blockchain network, including mobile phones, mining machines, desktops, servers, etc. The operators of a node can be ordinary wallet users, miners and multiple people. For example, bit coin network belongs to the common chain. When we run the bit coin program on our own computer connected to the Internet, the computer will become a node in bitcoin network.


对于像比特币这样的公有链,理论上来讲,你下载完整的区块链,参与交易和挖矿,才算是节点。然而,在现在的比特币里,矿工,完全节点,轻量节点,甚至普通用户,在不同的语境下都可能被称为节点。
For a public chain like bitcoin, in theory, you can download a complete blockchain, participate in transactions and mining, which is a node. However, in today’s bitcoin, miners, full nodes, lightweight nodes, and even ordinary users may be called nodes in different contexts.


那么,区块链中的节点发挥着什么样的作用呢?下面为大家分析一番。
So, what role does the nodes in the blockchain play? Let’s analyze it for you.

为了确认交易有效性,比特币需要多于一个单独网络的矿工处理交易单,它必须通过“节点”向网络广播。这是交易处理过程的第一步(区块链确认)。
In order to confirm the validity of the transaction, bitcoin needs more than one miner in a separate network to process the transaction order, which must be broadcast to the network through the “node”. This is the first step in the transaction processing (blockchain validation).


要全力挖掘网络潜能,比特币网络不能仅仅提供交易的通道,同时也要确保安全性。使用随机选取的节点,这个网络会减少双花问题——用户试图两次花费同一枚数字货币的可能。
To fully tap the potential of the network, bitcoin network can not only provide a channel for transactions, but also ensure security. Using randomly selected nodes, the network reduces the problem of two flowers – the possibility that users try to spend the same digital currency twice.


然而,比特币不止是需要节点,它还要求很多全力工作的节点——那些在一个机器实体上载有比特币核心客户端和完整区块链的节点。节点越多,网络越安全。
However, bitcoin does not only need nodes, it also requires many fully working nodes – those nodes that have bitcoin core clients and complete blockchain uploaded in a machine entity. The more nodes, the more secure the network.


打个比方,每一个节点就相当于一台服务器,在这个P2P网络中必须散播出去最终被大部分服务器都记录储存起来,才算消息被确认。
For example, each node is equivalent to a server. In this P2P network, it must be spread out and finally recorded and stored by most servers before the message is confirmed.


作为区块链的节点,它具有哪些特征呢?下面再为大家总结一番。
As the node of blockchain, what are its characteristics? Let’s summarize it for you.
一、具有一定的存储空间

1、 With certain storage space


存储空间指电子存储空间,包括日常的TF卡、U盘、移动硬盘和计算机等。
Storage space refers to electronic storage space, including daily TF card, U disk, mobile hard disk and computer.


二、连接网络
2、 Connect to the network
需要有存储空间的设备通过网线连接网络。
Devices that need storage space connect to the network through a network cable.


三、可视化操作终端
3、 Visual operation terminal
手机、iPad、电脑是目前主流的可视化操作终端。
Mobile phones, iPads and computers are the mainstream visual operation terminals.


四、参与区块链
4、 Participate in blockchain
要在连接网络的存储空间运行区块链相应程序,通过可视化惭怍终端进行交易。
It is necessary to run the corresponding program of blockchain in the storage space connected to the network, and trade through the visual shame terminal.
可见区块链这一新技术,它的内部构造相当精妙,这些是它所具有的诸多颠覆性特征的原因所在。当前区块链技术还处于发展的初级阶段,在未来随着技术进一步的成熟,应用范围更加广泛区块链的内部结构一定会更加精妙。
It can be seen that the internal structure of blockchain is quite exquisite, which is the reason for its many subversive features. At present, blockchain technology is still in the primary stage of development. In the future, with the further maturity of technology, the internal structure of blockchain will be more refined with a wider application range.


但是要成为超级节点,门槛还是不低的;
But to become a super node, the threshold is not low;


某些超级节点可能需要抵押一定量的代币,比如pi币的超级节点就很可能采用这种方式,可以抵押几万甚至几十万枚pi币才能具备申请超级节点的资格,这个就要看后期官方公布的具体资格了,同时对软硬件环境还会有一定的要求。
Some super nodes may need to mortgage a certain amount of tokens. For example, PI super nodes are likely to adopt this method. Tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands of PI coins can be mortgaged to qualify for super nodes. This depends on the specific qualifications officially announced in the later stage. At the same time, there will be certain requirements for the software and hardware environment.


比如EOS的超级节点选拔基础标准:
For example, EOS super node selection basic standard:


按照 EOS 团队公布的硬件门槛,想要当上节点最少需要达到亚马逊 AWSEC 2 主机 x1.32x large 型,128 核处理器,2TB 内存,2x1920GB SSD,25Gb 带宽。光一台服务器的成本,一年就需要高达 75.9 万人民币。当基于 EOS 的 DAPP 上线之后,因为交易量的提升而带来的网络带宽成本也将上升。


According to the hardware threshold announced by the EOS team, if you want to be the upper node, you need at least to reach the Amazon AWS EC 2 host x1.32x large, 128 core processor, 2TB memory, 2x1920gb SSD, 25gb bandwidth. The cost of a single server alone is as high as 759000 yuan a year. When DAPP based on EOS goes online, the cost of network bandwidth will also increase due to the increase of transaction volume.


目前pi币全球的节点测试安装量已经几十万个了,未来的竞争应该也会比较激烈,具体的条件,我们拭目以待吧;
At present, there are hundreds of thousands of PI coin nodes tested and installed in the world. The competition in the future should also be fierce. We will see the specific conditions;

原创文章,作者:pi network,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.yibaocloud.com/175.htm

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